Elias Woolington1,2

M, #29766, b. circa 1832
Last Edited6 Apr 2014
     He was born circa 1832 at Ohio, USA.2 Elias married Hannah Rhodes.1,2

Census Data

     Elias Woolington appeared on the 1870 U.S. Federal Census of Monticello Twp., Piatt County, Illinois, enumerated 6 June 1870, enumerated as a farmer.2

Family

Hannah Rhodes b. 27 Apr 1840, d. 4 Feb 1928
Children

Citations

  1. [S4405] Elijah B. Nowlin household, Jun 11, 1880 U.S. Census, Provo, Utah, USA, Vrown (township), Champaign, Illinois; Page: 9B; Enumeration District: 001, Ancestry.com Roll: 179; Family History Film: 1254179; Image: 0020, Elijah B. Nowlin household
    Elijah's step-children were named Woolington.
  2. [S4406] Elias Woolington household, Jun 6, 1870 U.S. census, Provo, Utah, USA, Monticello, Piatt, Illinois; Page: 369A, Ancestry.com Roll: M593_268; Image: 545; Family History Library Film: 545767, Elias Woolington household.

Mary E Woolington1,2

F, #29767, b. circa 1864
Father*Elias Woolington1 b. c 1832
Mother*Hannah Rhodes1,2 b. 27 Apr 1840, d. 4 Feb 1928
Step-fatherElijah Blasdel Nowlin2 b. 12 Mar 1836, d. 30 Jul 1896
Last Edited4 Apr 2014
     She was born circa 1864 at Ohio, USA.1,2

Census Data

     Mary E Woolington appeared on the 1870 U.S. Federal Census of Monticello Twp., Piatt County, Illinois, in the household of Elias Woolington.1

Mary E appeared on the 1880 Federal Census Brown Twp., Champaign County, Illinois in the household of her parents, Elijah B Nowlin and Hannah Nowlin, Elijah's step-daughter.2

Citations

  1. [S4406] Elias Woolington household, Jun 6, 1870 U.S. census, Provo, Utah, USA, Monticello, Piatt, Illinois; Page: 369A, Ancestry.com Roll: M593_268; Image: 545; Family History Library Film: 545767, Elias Woolington household.
  2. [S4405] Elijah B. Nowlin household, Jun 11, 1880 U.S. Census, Provo, Utah, USA, Vrown (township), Champaign, Illinois; Page: 9B; Enumeration District: 001, Ancestry.com Roll: 179; Family History Film: 1254179; Image: 0020.

Francis R Woolington1

M, #29768, b. circa 1866
Father*Elias Woolington2 b. c 1832
Mother*Hannah Rhodes2,1 b. 27 Apr 1840, d. 4 Feb 1928
Step-fatherElijah Blasdel Nowlin1 b. 12 Mar 1836, d. 30 Jul 1896
Last Edited4 Apr 2014
     He was born circa 1866 at Illinois, USA.2,1

Census Data

     Francis R Woolington appeared on the 1870 U.S. Federal Census of Monticello Twp., Piatt County, Illinois, in the household of Elias Woolington.2

Frank appeared on the 1880 Federal Census Brown Twp., Champaign County, Illinois in the household of his parents, Elijah B Nowlin and Hannah Nowlin, Elijah's step-son.1
     He also went by the name of Frank.2

Citations

  1. [S4405] Elijah B. Nowlin household, Jun 11, 1880 U.S. Census, Provo, Utah, USA, Vrown (township), Champaign, Illinois; Page: 9B; Enumeration District: 001, Ancestry.com Roll: 179; Family History Film: 1254179; Image: 0020.
  2. [S4406] Elias Woolington household, Jun 6, 1870 U.S. census, Provo, Utah, USA, Monticello, Piatt, Illinois; Page: 369A, Ancestry.com Roll: M593_268; Image: 545; Family History Library Film: 545767, Elias Woolington household.

Emma Woolington1

F, #29769, b. 1868 or 1869
Father*Elias Woolington2 b. c 1832
Mother*Hannah Rhodes2,1 b. 27 Apr 1840, d. 4 Feb 1928
Step-fatherElijah Blasdel Nowlin1 b. 12 Mar 1836, d. 30 Jul 1896
Last Edited4 Apr 2014
     She was born in 1868 or 1869 at Illinois, USA.2,1

Census Data

     Emma Woolington appeared on the 1870 U.S. Federal Census of Monticello Twp., Piatt County, Illinois, in the household of Elias Woolington.2

Emma appeared on the 1880 Federal Census Brown Twp., Champaign County, Illinois in the household of her parents, Elijah B Nowlin and Hannah Nowlin, Elijah's step-daughter.1
     Her name was also recorded as Ema Woolington.2

Citations

  1. [S4405] Elijah B. Nowlin household, Jun 11, 1880 U.S. Census, Provo, Utah, USA, Vrown (township), Champaign, Illinois; Page: 9B; Enumeration District: 001, Ancestry.com Roll: 179; Family History Film: 1254179; Image: 0020.
  2. [S4406] Elias Woolington household, Jun 6, 1870 U.S. census, Provo, Utah, USA, Monticello, Piatt, Illinois; Page: 369A, Ancestry.com Roll: M593_268; Image: 545; Family History Library Film: 545767, Elias Woolington household.

Nanny May Nowlin1

F, #29770, b. circa 1878
Father*Elijah Blasdel Nowlin1 b. 12 Mar 1836, d. 30 Jul 1896
Mother*Hannah Rhodes1 b. 27 Apr 1840, d. 4 Feb 1928
Last Edited4 Apr 2014
     She was born circa 1878 at Illinois, USA.1

Census Data

     Nanny May appeared on the 1880 Federal Census Brown Twp., Champaign County, Illinois in the household of her parents, Elijah B Nowlin and Hannah Nowlin.1

Citations

  1. [S4405] Elijah B. Nowlin household, Jun 11, 1880 U.S. Census, Provo, Utah, USA, Vrown (township), Champaign, Illinois; Page: 9B; Enumeration District: 001, Ancestry.com Roll: 179; Family History Film: 1254179; Image: 0020.

Lois Isabelle Jackson1

F, #29771, b. 5 March 1916, d. 15 October 1977
Father*Silas Stanley Jackson1 b. 26 Nov 1873, d. 31 Aug 1951
Mother*Nancy Jane Harper1 b. 30 Aug 1876, d. 13 Apr 1950
Last Edited6 Sep 2016
     She was born on 5 March 1916 at Miller Twp., Dearborn County, Indiana, USA.1,2 Lois married Elmer William Clark on 26 October 1935 at Dearborn County, Indiana, USA.1
     She died on 15 October 1977 at Lawrenceburg, Lawrenceburg Twp., Dearborn County, Indiana, USA, at age 61.1,2 Lois Isabelle Jackson was buried at Gibson Cemetery, Bright, Miller Twp., Dearborn County, Indiana, USA.2

Census Data

     Isabelle appeared on the 1930 Federal Census Miller Twp., Dearborn County, Indiana in the household of her parents, Silas S Jackson and Jennie Jackson, actually listed as L Isabelle Jackson.3
     She also went by the name of Isabelle.2

Family

Elmer William Clark b. 18 Jun 1914, d. 18 May 1971
Child

Citations

  1. [S4336] "Much of her data results from extensive documentation and publication of Dearborn County, Indiana cemeteries, so I consider that data relatively reliable", Lois' genealogy by Lois Lee Harper on ancestry.com , cited as "Lois' genealogy:, Lois Isabelle Jackson.
  2. [S4366] Diane and Harper, Lois Fox, compiler, Cemeteries of the Northeast Section of Dearborn County, Indiana (1935 Sampson Drive, Apollo, PA 15613: Closson Press, March 1993), Gibson Cemetery page 61 - Isabelle Clark. Hereinafter cited as Cemeteries NE Dearborn County.
  3. [S4672] Silas S Jackson household, Apr 22, 930 U.S. census, Provo, Utah, USA, Miller, Dearborn, Indiana; Page: 8A; Enumeration District: 0024, Ancestry.com Roll: 582; Image: 952.0; FHL microfilm: 2340317.
  4. [S4336] "Lois' genealogy", online http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/14884261: Lora Jane Clark.
  5. [S4360] Lois Harper, Spreadsheet, July 2013, unknown location. Sykes, Lora (Clark).

Elmer William Clark1

M, #29772, b. 18 June 1914, d. 18 May 1971
Last Edited28 Apr 2017
     He was born on 18 June 1914 at Logan Twp., Dearborn County, Indiana, USA.1 Elmer married Lois Isabelle Jackson on 26 October 1935 at Dearborn County, Indiana, USA.2
     He died on 18 May 1971 at Lawrenceburg, Lawrenceburg Twp., Dearborn County, Indiana, USA, at age 56.1 Elmer William Clark was buried on 20 May 1971 at Gibson Cemetery, Bright, Miller Twp., Dearborn County, Indiana, USA.1,3

Family

Lois Isabelle Jackson b. 5 Mar 1916, d. 15 Oct 1977
Child

Citations

  1. [S4336] "Much of her data results from extensive documentation and publication of Dearborn County, Indiana cemeteries, so I consider that data relatively reliable", Lois' genealogy by Lois Lee Harper on ancestry.com , cited as "Lois' genealogy:, Elmer William Clark.
  2. [S4336] "Lois' genealogy", online http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/14884261: Lois Isabelle Jackson.
  3. [S4366] Diane and Harper, Lois Fox, compiler, Cemeteries of the Northeast Section of Dearborn County, Indiana (1935 Sampson Drive, Apollo, PA 15613: Closson Press, March 1993), Gibson Cemetery page 61 - Elmer W Clark. Hereinafter cited as Cemeteries NE Dearborn County.
  4. [S4336] "Lois' genealogy", online http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/14884261: Lora Jane Clark.
  5. [S4360] Lois Harper, Spreadsheet, July 2013, unknown location. Sykes, Lora (Clark).

William Edward Jackson1

M, #29773, b. 25 November 1918, d. 23 December 1918
Father*Lewis Hayes Jackson1 b. 26 Feb 1896, d. 25 Apr 1966
Mother*Martha Gertrude Nowlin1 b. 20 Jan 1895, d. 21 Dec 1954
Last Edited18 Aug 2013
     He was born on 25 November 1918.1
     He died on 23 December 1918.1 William Edward Jackson was buried at Gibson Cemetery, Bright, Miller Twp., Dearborn County, Indiana, USA.1

Citations

  1. [S3862] Find A Grave memorial page , Find A Grave, Find A Grave search page; "A database submitted by individuals supposedly of cemetery interments, often from grave memorials or cemetery records and often supplemented by other information, generally without identification of the sources except when a tombstone photo is included."; cited as "Find A Grave., http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi William Edward Jackson.

Dorotha Nell Shinkle1

F, #29774, b. 1907, d. 1978
Father*Guy Everett Shinkle2 b. 24 Dec 1879, d. 19 Oct 1979
Mother*Lona W White2 b. 1881 or 1882, d. 1971
Last Edited6 Sep 2015
     She was born in 1907 at Cass County, Indiana, USA.3,2,1 Dorotha married Elliott S Duff on 30 January 1926 at Huntington, Cabell County, West Virginia, USA.1 Dorotha Nell Shinkle was buried at East State Street Cemetery, Newcomerstown, Tuscarawas County, Ohio, USA.3
     She died in 1978.3

Census Data

     Dorothy appeared on the 1910 Federal Census of Lafayette, Fairfield Twp., Tippecanoe County, Indiana in the household of her parents, Everett Shinkle and Lona W Shinkle.2
     She also went by the name of Nell.3 She also went by the name of Dorothy.2

Family

Elliott S Duff b. 1902, d. 1947
Marriage*Dorotha married Elliott S Duff on 30 January 1926 at Huntington, Cabell County, West Virginia, USA.1 

Citations

  1. [S4412] West Virginia, Marriages Index, 1785-1971, online http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx, Elliott S Duff & Dorotha Nell Shinkle. Hereinafter cited as West Virginia, Marriages Index.
  2. [S4411] Everett Shinkle household, Apr 16, 1910 U.S. census, Provo, Utah, USA, Ward 3, Lafayette, Tippecanoe, Indiana; Page: 2B; Enumeration District: 0162, Ancestry.com Roll: T624_382; FHL microfilm: 1374395.
  3. [S3862] Find A Grave memorial page , Find A Grave, Find A Grave search page; "A database submitted by individuals supposedly of cemetery interments, often from grave memorials or cemetery records and often supplemented by other information, generally without identification of the sources except when a tombstone photo is included."; cited as "Find A Grave., Nell Duff Lindsay
    Transcription of attached gravemarker photo:
    Nell Duff Lindsay
    1907 - 1978.

Elliott S Duff1,2

M, #29775, b. 1902, d. 1947
Last Edited6 Sep 2015
     He was born in 1902 at Ohio, USA.1,2 Elliott married Dorotha Nell Shinkle on 30 January 1926 at Huntington, Cabell County, West Virginia, USA.2 Elliott S Duff was buried at East State Street Cemetery, Newcomerstown, Tuscarawas County, Ohio, USA.1
     He died in 1947.1

Family

Dorotha Nell Shinkle b. 1907, d. 1978

Citations

  1. [S3862] Find A Grave memorial page , Find A Grave, Find A Grave search page; "A database submitted by individuals supposedly of cemetery interments, often from grave memorials or cemetery records and often supplemented by other information, generally without identification of the sources except when a tombstone photo is included."; cited as "Find A Grave., Elliott S Duff
    Transcription of attached gravemarker photo:
    Elliott S Duff
    1902 - 1947.
  2. [S4412] West Virginia, Marriages Index, 1785-1971, online http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx, Elliott S Duff & Dorotha Nell Shinkle. Hereinafter cited as West Virginia, Marriages Index.

(?) Sutton1

M, #29776, d. 1820
Last Edited8 Jun 2015
     (?) married Ann Mason before 1820.1
     He died in 1820 during the voyage to America. His widow, Ann married Thomas Hargitt in Nov 1820.1

Family

Ann Mason b. 9 Jun 1790, d. 23 Sep 1858

Citations

  1. [S2900] Federal Publishing Company, Memoirs of the Lower Ohio Valley - Personal and Genealogical; Vol I (Madison, WIS.: Federal Publishing Company, 1905), Page 130 - Thomas Hargitt. Hereinafter cited as Memoirs of the Lower Ohio Valley.

George Whitfield Hargitt1,2,3

M, #29777, b. 3 January 1832, d. 1 March 1923
Father*Thomas Hargitt1,4 b. 20 Apr 1798, d. 17 Nov 1886
Mother*Ann Mason1,4 b. 9 Jun 1790, d. 23 Sep 1858
Last Edited11 Jun 2020
     He was born on 3 January 1832 at Miller Twp., Dearborn County, Indiana, USA.1,2,5 George married Jane Murray Hansell on 26 January 1854 at Dearborn County, Indiana, USA.6,7,3
     He died on 1 March 1923 at Miller Twp., Dearborn County, Indiana, USA, at age 91.1,8,3,4 The informant on his death registration was A. W. Darling.4 George Whitfield Hargitt was buried on 3 March 1923 at Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Miller Twp., Dearborn County, Indiana, USA.1,3,9,4

Census Data

     George Whitfield Hargitt appeared on the 1850 U.S. Federal Census of Miller Twp., Dearborn County, Indiana, in the household of Thomas Hargitt.10
     He also went by the name of Whitfield Hargitt.5

Family

Jane Murray Hansell b. 2 Feb 1837, d. b 3 Jan 1924
Marriage*George married Jane Murray Hansell on 26 January 1854 at Dearborn County, Indiana, USA.6,7,3 
Children

Citations

  1. [S3862] Find A Grave memorial page , Find A Grave, Find A Grave search page; "A database submitted by individuals supposedly of cemetery interments, often from grave memorials or cemetery records and often supplemented by other information, generally without identification of the sources except when a tombstone photo is included."; cited as "Find A Grave., http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi George Whitfield Hargitt.
  2. [S4366] Diane and Harper, Lois Fox, compiler, Cemeteries of the Northeast Section of Dearborn County, Indiana (1935 Sampson Drive, Apollo, PA 15613: Closson Press, March 1993), Mt Pleasant Cemetery pg 236 - George W Hargitt. Hereinafter cited as Cemeteries NE Dearborn County.
  3. [S4336] "Much of her data results from extensive documentation and publication of Dearborn County, Indiana cemeteries, so I consider that data relatively reliable", Lois' genealogy by Lois Lee Harper on ancestry.com , cited as "Lois' genealogy:, George Whitfield Hargitt.
  4. [S6399] Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899 - 2011 , Ancestry.com, Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899 - 2011; "Based upon the Indiana State Board of Health. Death Certificates, 1900–2011. NOTE: this ancestry.com database includes images of the individual death certificates"; cited as "Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899 - 2011., Name: Whitfield Hargitt; date of death Mar 1, 1923 amended from Feb 28, 1923.
  5. [S6399] "Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899 - 2011", online Indiana, Death Certificates, 1899 - 2011: Name: Whitfield Hargitt.
  6. [S3862] "Find A Grave", online Find A Grave search page: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi Jane M Hargitt.
  7. [S4366] Diane and Harper, Lois Fox, Cemeteries NE Dearborn County, Mt Pleasant Cemetery pg 236 - Jane M Hargitt.
  8. [S4297] Lawrenceburg Public Library District Obituary Finder , Lawrenceburg Public Library, Lawrenceburg Public Library District Obituary Finder search page; cited as "Lawrenceburg Obituary Finder., G W Hargitt.
  9. [S4366] Diane and Harper, Lois Fox, Cemeteries NE Dearborn County, Mt. Pleasant Cemetery, Page 236 - George W Hargitt.
  10. [S4413] Thomas Hargitt household, Sept 17, 1850 U.S. census, Washington, DC, USA, Miller, Dearborn, Indiana; Page: 300A, United States of America, Bureau of the Census; National Archives and Records Administration Roll: M432_141; Image: 174.
  11. [S4366] Diane and Harper, Lois Fox, Cemeteries NE Dearborn County, Mt Pleasant Cemetery pg 236 - Melvin Priestly Hargitt.
  12. [S4366] Diane and Harper, Lois Fox, Cemeteries NE Dearborn County, Mt Pleasant Cemetery pg 236 - Infant of G. W. & J. M. Hargitt.
  13. [S4366] Diane and Harper, Lois Fox, Cemeteries NE Dearborn County, Mt Pleasant Cemetery pg 236 - Lillie May Hargitt.

Jane Murray Hansell1,2,3

F, #29778, b. 2 February 1837, d. before 3 January 1924
Last Edited11 Jun 2020
     She was born on 2 February 1837 at Dearborn County, Indiana, USA.1,2,3 Jane married George Whitfield Hargitt on 26 January 1854 at Dearborn County, Indiana, USA.1,2,4
     She died before 3 January 1924.1,5,2 Alternatively, she died on 4 January 1924 at Dearborn County, Indiana, USA, at age 86.3 I could not find a death registration in the Indiana Death Certificates database at ancestry.com for Jane Murray Hargitt.6 She was buried at Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Miller Twp., Dearborn County, Indiana, USA.1,2

Family

George Whitfield Hargitt b. 3 Jan 1832, d. 1 Mar 1923
Children

Citations

  1. [S3862] Find A Grave memorial page , Find A Grave, Find A Grave search page; "A database submitted by individuals supposedly of cemetery interments, often from grave memorials or cemetery records and often supplemented by other information, generally without identification of the sources except when a tombstone photo is included."; cited as "Find A Grave., http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi Jane M Hargitt.
  2. [S4366] Diane and Harper, Lois Fox, compiler, Cemeteries of the Northeast Section of Dearborn County, Indiana (1935 Sampson Drive, Apollo, PA 15613: Closson Press, March 1993), Mt Pleasant Cemetery pg 236 - Jane M Hargitt. Hereinafter cited as Cemeteries NE Dearborn County.
  3. [S4336] "Much of her data results from extensive documentation and publication of Dearborn County, Indiana cemeteries, so I consider that data relatively reliable", Lois' genealogy by Lois Lee Harper on ancestry.com , cited as "Lois' genealogy:, Jane Murray Hansell.
  4. [S4336] "Lois' genealogy", online http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/14884261: George Whitfield Hargitt.
  5. [S4297] Lawrenceburg Public Library District Obituary Finder , Lawrenceburg Public Library, Lawrenceburg Public Library District Obituary Finder search page; cited as "Lawrenceburg Obituary Finder., Jane Hargitt.
  6. [S2] Personal knowledge/research of Rick Moffat (Mesa, AZ 85207), Indiana death certificate not found.
  7. [S4366] Diane and Harper, Lois Fox, Cemeteries NE Dearborn County, Mt Pleasant Cemetery pg 236 - Melvin Priestly Hargitt.
  8. [S4366] Diane and Harper, Lois Fox, Cemeteries NE Dearborn County, Mt Pleasant Cemetery pg 236 - Infant of G. W. & J. M. Hargitt.
  9. [S4366] Diane and Harper, Lois Fox, Cemeteries NE Dearborn County, Mt Pleasant Cemetery pg 236 - Lillie May Hargitt.

Mary Dunn1

F, #29779, d. before 1 June 1900
Father*Dr. John G Dunn1 d. b 1875
Mother*Sarah Elizabeth Sweet1 b. 7 Jan 1834, d. 22 Aug 1918
Last Edited2 Sep 2017
     She died before 1 June 1900 On the 1900 census, her mother, Sarah Elizabeth Hargitt nee Sweet reported having borne 4 children, but only 2 were living at the time. These would be Victor and Romania.2
     In the obituary of Sarah Hargitt which printed 22 August 1918, her daughter, Mary Dunn was listed as a survivor but should have been listed as predeceased.1
     August 2017 Research notes:
Need to get a copy of the obituary of her mother. Obit Finder shows she and John survived Sarah, but he died in 1885, and the 1900 census implies Mary also deid before that date.3

Citations

  1. [S4297] Lawrenceburg Public Library District Obituary Finder , Lawrenceburg Public Library, Lawrenceburg Public Library District Obituary Finder search page; cited as "Lawrenceburg Obituary Finder., Sarah Hargit
    In this extract, Mary Dunn and John G. Dunn are listed as survivng her, but other sources indicate they had died before her.
  2. [S4420] Thomas Hargitt household, Jun 14, 1900 U.S. census, Washington, DC, USA, Logan, Dearborn, Indiana; Page: 1A; Enumeration District: 0044, United States of America, Bureau of the Census; National Archives and Records Administration Roll: 366; FHL microfilm: 1240366.
  3. [S2] Personal knowledge/research of Rick Moffat (Mesa, AZ 85207).

John G Dunn1,2,3

M, #29780, b. 21 October 1854, d. 16 November 1885
Father*Dr. John G Dunn1,2 d. b 1875
Mother*Sarah Elizabeth Sweet1,3 b. 7 Jan 1834, d. 22 Aug 1918
Last Edited29 May 2020
     He was born on 21 October 1854.2 Alternatively, he was born circa 1855 at Indiana, USA, in the 1870 census.3 John married Anna Archer.2
     He died on 16 November 1885 at age 31.2
     The following selected information is extracted from his obituary. Survivor(s): Anna Dunn.2

Census Data

     John G appeared on the 1870 Federal Census of Chicago, Cook County, Illinois in the household of his mother Sarah Elizabeth Sweet.3
     In the obituary of Sarah Hargitt which printed 22 August 1918, her son, John G Dunn was listed as a survivor but should have been listed as predeceased.4

Family

Anna Archer
Marriage*John married Anna Archer.2 

Citations

  1. [S4297] Lawrenceburg Public Library District Obituary Finder , Lawrenceburg Public Library, Lawrenceburg Public Library District Obituary Finder search page; cited as "Lawrenceburg Obituary Finder., Sarah Hargitt.
  2. [S4297] "Lawrenceburg Obituary Finder", online Lawrenceburg Public Library District Obituary Finder search page: John G Dunn.
  3. [S4421] Sarah E Dunn household, July 9, 1870 U.S. census, Provo, Utah, USA, Cook, Illinois; Page: 402B, Ancestry.com Roll: M593_211; Image: 378; Family History Library Film: 545710.
  4. [S4297] "Lawrenceburg Obituary Finder", online Lawrenceburg Public Library District Obituary Finder search page: Sarah Hargit
    In this extract, Mary Dunn and John G. Dunn are listed as survivng her, but other sources indicate they had died before her.