This entry is for a Biblical Person, based on a historical interpretation of the bible. See biblical.htm for more details.

Mary (Gospel)

F, #2400112
Father*Heli (Luke 3)
RelationshipDistant relative of Robert Michael Damon
ReferenceB99-3676

Names and TItles

Variation: Mary.
Greek: Μαρία (María).
     Mary (Gospel) was the daughter of Heli (Luke 3). Mary married Joseph, son of Jacob (Ἰακώβ) (Mt 1).
     
CHRONOLOGY

Dating the Birth of Jesus
While we have no definative date given to determine when Jesus was born, we do have some events to give us an estimate.

1) From the Nativity accounts, we are told that Jesus was born during the reigh of King Herod I "the Great" of Judea (Ἡρώδης) (Mt 2), who is generally agreed to have died about 4 BC.

2) From the start of his ministry. Luke 3:23 states that Jesus was 'about 30 years old' when he started is ministry. Luke 3:1 says that John "The Baptist" (Gospel) started his ministry "In the fifteenth year of the reign of Emperor Tiberius Caesar" , which was about 28-29 AD. We also get a similar date from John 2:20, which implies that it was the 46th year of the construction of the Temple, which also indicates a date of about 27-29 AD.

3) One point that goes against this dating is Luke's mention of the Census of Quirinius, which is about a decade later, about 6 AD. This dating does not match the descriptions of the start of Jesus' ministry. Luke may be in error here, or it is possible (but there is no know good evidence of) there were some earlier census that was being refered to.

Date the Death of Jesus
We also have no definative date for the death of Jesus, but do have some events to give us an estimate.

1) Trial by Pilate: Pilate was govenor of Judea from AD 26 to either AD 36 or AD37

2) Trial by Herod Antipas, must be before AD 39

3) Conversion of Paul: using various datings of the events in Pauls life it is generally estimated that Paul was converted betweeh 33 and 36 AD.

4) Based on a Friday crucifixion at the time of Passover, several possible dates: 11 April AD 27, 7 April AD 30, 3 April AD 33, and 23 April AD 34. The first and last are likely outside the reasonable window.

5) There was a partial Lunar Eclipse visable in Jerusalem at sunset on 3 April AD 33, and there could be references to that.

Chronology

Birth-15 Months:
* Gabriell comes to Zechariah and tells him he will have a son, and his wife Elizabeth becomes pregnant.
Birth -9 Months (6 months after above)
* Gabriel visits Mary, tells her she will give birth to Jesus, and she become pregnant by the Holy Spirit.
* Mary goes to visit Elizabeth
Birth - 6 Months
* John "The Baptist" (Gospel) is born to Elizabeth
* Mary return home (might happen shortly before birth of John)
* Joseph discovers Mary is pregnant and decides to quietly put her away
* Angel talks to Joseph, explains what is happening
* Joseph takes Mary home (completing the marriage)
Shortly before the Birth
* Joseph and Mary leave Nazareth to go to Bethlehem for the census

* Jesus is Born
* That night, Angels announce this to the Shepards, who come to visit
* Jesus is presented at the Temple on the 8th day, where Simeon and Anna recognized Jesus.
Some time later
* Magi from the East come to Jerusalem asking about the new King.
* They are sent to Bethlehem, where the visit with Jesus and give gifts.
* They leave by another path.
* Joseph and Mary are warned to excape to Egypt
* Herod realizes the Magi didn't return, so orders the killing of all boys under two years old

About March 4 BC
* Herod dies
* Joseph and Mary are told it is safe so return to Judea, to Nazareth.

Birth + 12 Years
* Jesus stays behind at the Temple at Passover

Fifteenth Year of Emperor Tiberius Caesar (about AD 28)
* John "The Baptist" (Gospel) starts his ministry
* Jesus begin preaching (with a reference to the Temple having been under construction for 46 years, putting this at about AD 29.)1
Jewish Marriage Customs

The Jews had a somewhat involved set of customs for marriage in this period (and for most of their history). The couple went through a number of stages:

Informal:
1) Typically, the fathers would introduce the Boy and the Girl to each other when they were young to get to know one another and to see if they are comfortable together. This as an informal process, and often fairly short.

2) If it seems that things may work out, the Girls family would "Promise" her to the Boy and his family. This was not a legally binding agreement, but wasn't taken likely.

Formal.
3) Betrothal, when the girl has grown to a young lady and the Boy a young man, and starting to establish himself, the Boys father works out and pays the Girls father the Bride Price, (in effect buying her). At this point, for most purposes they are legally married, but for a period of typically 6-12 months, the bride still lives with her family, and no 'marital relations' occur. This is a time of proving and validating their worthiness. This is the state of Joseph and Mary when Mary was meet by the angel and became with child by the power of the Holy Spirit.

4) At a later point, typically 6 months to a year later, the Groom would come and claim his bride and take her into his hime, and they become fully man and wife. This is likely what occured in Mathew 1:24-25, though the marriage wasn't consumated until after Jesus was born.

Mary (who was betrothed to Joseph) was told by Gabriel that she would give birth to a son, Jesus by the Holy Spirit (Bible), and was told that her relative Elizabeth was six months pregnant.2
Mary went to a town in the hill country of Judea vist Elizabeth at the home of Zechariah. When Mary greated Elizabeth, then her baby (John "The Baptist" (Gospel) leaped in her womb and Elizabeth was filled with Holy Spirit (Bible). Mary stayed for about 3 months.3 When Joseph discovered that Mary was with child through the Holy Spirit (Bible), he first had mind to divorce her quietly, but an Angel of the LORD (Bible) came to him and reasured him, so he took Mary to be his wife, but did not have union with her until after she gave birth.4 Joseph and Mary went to Bethleham, Judea, to register for the census called by Caesar Augustus (during the rule of Governor Quirinus of Syria (Luke 2).)5 Mary (Gospel) became the mother of Jesus c 6 BC; One theory, based on astrologically significant events places it at about April 17, 6 BC.6,7
An Angel of the LORD (Bible) appeared to the shepherds (Luke 2) that were living in the fields near Bethleham and announced the birth of Jesus. The shepherds then went off and found Joseph and Mary with Jesus lying in the manger. They spread the word of what they had seen and heard, and all were amazed at this.8 Jesus was circumcised on the eighth day and he was given name Jesus, as the angel had named him.9
After Jesus was born in Bethlehem, Magi from the east came to Jerusalem looking for him. King Herod I "the Great" of Judea (Ἡρώδης) (Mt 2) heard about them and asked the Teachers of the Law where the Christ was to be born, to which they replied Bethlehem in Judea.
King Herod I "the Great" of Judea (Ἡρώδης) (Mt 2) called the Magi and found out when the star had appeared, and sent them to Bethlehem, asking them to report to him so he could come and worship him.
The Magi followed the star and found Jesus with Mary, and they bowed down and worshiped him, and presented him with gifts of gold, incense and myrrh. Having been warned in a dream not to go back to King Herod I "the Great" of Judea (Ἡρώδης) (Mt 2), they returned home by another route.10
After the Magi left, an Angel of the LORD (Bible) sppeared to Joseph in a dream and told him to take Jesus and Mary to escape to Egypt because King Herod I "the Great" of Judea (Ἡρώδης) (Mt 2) was going to try and kill Jesus.11
After King Herod I "the Great" of Judea (Ἡρώδης) (Mt 2) died, an Angel of the LORD (Bible) appeared to Joseph in a dream, telling him it was safe to come back. So Joseph, Mary, and Jesus came back to Israel. On finding that King Herod Archelaus (of Judea) was on the throne, Joseph was afraid, and withdrew to the district of Galilee, and the town of Nazarith<>.12 Mary and Elizabeth were related.13
ChartsDescendant Chart for God (#1)
Descendant Chart for God (#2)
Indented Descendant Chart of God (#1)
Indented Descendant Chart of God (#2)
Indented Descendant Chart of King David (#1)
Indented Descendant Chart of King David (#2)
Pedigree of Jesus Christ
Pedigree of Jesus Christ (paged)
Indendented Pedigree of Jesus Christ

Scriptures (References)

Book VerseTitle
Book of Matthew in the BibleMatthew 1:1-17The Genealogy of Jesus14
Book of Matthew in the BibleMatthew 1:18-25The Birth of Jesus Christ
Book of Matthew in the BibleMatthew 2:1-12The Visit of the Magi
Book of Matthew in the BibleMatthew 2:13-18Escape to Egypt
Book of Matthew in the BibleMatthew 2:19-23The Return to Nazareth
Book of Matthew in the BibleMatthew 12:46-50Jesus' Mother and Brothers
Book of Matthew in the BibleMatthew 13:53-58A Propher without Honor
Book of Luke in the BibleLuke 1:26-38The Birth of Jesus Fortold2
Book of Luke in the BibleLuke 1:39-45Mary Visits Elizabeth3
Book of Luke in the BibleLuke 1:46-56Mary's Song15
Book of Luke in the BibleLuke 2:1-7The Birth of Jesus16
Book of Luke in the BibleLuke 2:8-20The Shepherds and the Angels17
Book of Luke in the BibleLuke 2:21-40Jesus Presented at the Temple18
Book of Luke in the BibleLuke 2:41-52The Boy Jesus at the Temple19
Last Edited2 Nov 2019

Citations

  1. [S260] Wikipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Date_of_birth_of_Jesus
  2. [S3] International Bible Society, editor, The Holy Bible, New International Version (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House, 1984), Luke 1:26-38. Hereinafter cited as NIV.
  3. [S3] International Bible Society, NIV, Luke 1:39-45.
  4. [S3] International Bible Society, NIV, Matthew 1:18-25.
  5. [S3] International Bible Society, NIV, Luke 2:1-5.
  6. [S3] International Bible Society, NIV, Luke 2:6-7.
  7. [S3] International Bible Society, NIV, Matthew 1:25.
  8. [S3] International Bible Society, NIV, Luke 2:8-19.
  9. [S3] International Bible Society, NIV, Luke 2:21.
  10. [S3] International Bible Society, NIV, Matthew 2:1-12.
  11. [S3] International Bible Society, NIV, Mt 2:13-15.
  12. [S3] International Bible Society, NIV, Mt 2:19-23.
  13. [S3] International Bible Society, NIV, Luke 1:36.
  14. [S3] International Bible Society, NIV, Matthew 1:1-17.
  15. [S3] International Bible Society, NIV, Luke 1:46-56.
  16. [S3] International Bible Society, NIV, Luke 2:1-7.
  17. [S3] International Bible Society, NIV, Luke 2:8-20.
  18. [S3] International Bible Society, NIV, Luke 2:21-40.
  19. [S3] International Bible Society, NIV, Luke 2:41-52.